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In the Kitchen with our Colonial Sisters

Have you ever wondered why cornbread and biscuits were a staple during Colonial Days?

Corn was the first crop planted after the land was cleared. Both the colonists and the animals ate corn on a daily basis. For the family, it was some type of cornbread. Cooked in a Dutch oven in the coals on an open hearth, the smells filled the room.

There was plenty of corn available, so it was used. For many settlers, a mill soon made grinding the corn easier. There were also small kerns that could be used in the cabins to grind their own corn. Since there was a shortage of sugar and flour, it grew in its popularity. It was one of those stick-to-your-ribs recipes, and it was also quick and easy to make. Since it was good either hot or cold, it was good at home, on a hunting trip, or working in the fields. It could be made into Johnny cakes, spoon bread, corn muffins, Bannock cakes, ash cakes, corn dodgers, journey cakes, or slapjacks.

A simple recipe could be
1 cup cornmeal
4 Cups water
1 ½ cups whole wheat flour
1 tsp salt
Of course, using milk rather than water and adding eggs made for a creamier dish.

These fireplaces were large, both in width and in height.  There was a door on the left that was  the bread oven. Wood is placed under the oven for a fire to cook the bread. The wood has to burn down to hot coals, and that means lots of hot coals to bake anything.

The pots over the fire on the crane would be for cooking soups and stews. You might have heard the rhyme, “Peas porridge hot. Peas porridge cold. Peas porridge in the pot nine days old. Some like it hot. Some like it cold. Some like it in the pot nine days old.” By adding meat and vegetables to the stew or soup, it could continue to feed a family for several days.

Below is a picture of some of the necessary items for cooking on an open fire in a hearth. The trivet is the curly thing. Under the trivet are the hot coals, and the skillet is placed on top. On top of the lid are coals to keep the baking even on the top and bottom of the cornbread. You might notice there is a lip on the lid; that keeps the coals in place. (Biscuits and cake were also baked in these Dutch ovens.)

Usually the coals have to be replaced at least once during the baking, particularly on the lid.

When our son went on camping trips with his scout troop, they would often use this same method over the campfire to bake cornbread and pineapple upside-down cake. Isn’t it interesting that some things never change?

And would we not agree that there is nothing better than biscuits, cornbread, and fried chicken baked in an iron skillet? <#